Pediatric first aid training is incredibly important. 1 in 13 children will take a hospital visit for an injury this year. Of the childhood injuries that occur:
- 1 in 2 occur at home or in someone else’s home
- 1 in 3 at school
- 1 in 5 during sport
Thankfully, 80% are treated and discharged, while 20% result in hospital admission for further investigation or medical treatment.
Most common causes of injury to children include:
- Falls – are the single largest cause of childhood injury
- Drowning – is the single biggest danger to children under 5 years of age
- Transport injuries – as a passenger in a motor vehicle or as a pedestrian, it is the second largest cause of childhood injury, and tend to be severe
- Bicycles – simply falling off a bicycle is a major cause of serious injury
- Scalds & burns – is a major cause of long term injury
- Choking & Suffocation– is the fourth largest cause of death by injury in children under 4; and the leading cause of death by injury in children
- under 12 months
- Poisoning – is one of the most common hazards for young children
While accidental injury is not always preventable, our actions can significantly influence the severity and the comfort of the injured child.
Recent studies have found that many children do not receive resuscitation because potential rescuers fear causing them harm. This fear was increased in some cases because the rescuer knew that the guidelines for child resuscitation were different from adults.
It is of course, far better to perform the 'adult sequence' of resuscitation on a child who is unresponsive and not breathing than to do nothing at all. Studies have also shown that the more steps in the resuscitation sequence a first aider has to learn, the less likely they will be able to recall them in a real cardiac arrest situation.
For this reasons, the latest resuscitation guidelines focus on minimising the number of steps to be learned and first aiders can now use the 'adult sequence' of resuscitation on a child or baby who is unresponsive and not breathing.
There are, however, minor modifications to the sequence that can make it even more suitable for use with children.
As soon as you identify that the child is 'unresponsive' and 'not breathing normally':
- Give 5 inital rescue breaths before starting chest compressions
- If you are on your own, give CPR for 1 minute before going for help
- Compress the chest by at least one-third of its depth (4cm for a baby and 5cm for a child). (for a baby use 2 fingers and for a child use 1 or 2 hands as required).
THE ROLE OF A PAEDIATRIC FIRST AIDER
The responsibilities of a first aider include:
Assessing the situation:
- Work out what has happened
- Count the number of casualties
- Look for history, signs and symptoms.
Protecting from danger:
- Assess for further dangers
- Protect yourself first, then protect others.
- Ask bystanders for assistance
- Work out what help is needed.
- Call for help or ask bystander to call
- Recognise your own limitations.
- Treat the most urgent thing first
- Treat the most urgent person first
- Offer support and comfort.
Minimising infection risks:
- Wash hands before and after giving help
- Wear disposable gloves
- Wear protective clothing if needed
- Cover your own cuts with a plaster
- Dispose of contaminated waste carefully
- Use sterile, undamaged, in-date dressings.
Reporting and recording:
- Accurately record incidents
- Report accidents when necessary
- Maintain confidentiality.
THE AIMS OF FIRS AID:
- PRESERVE LIFE
- PREVENT THE SITUATION WORSENING
- PROMOTE RECOVERY
THERE IS A WIDE RANGE OF PAEDIATRIC COURSES TO TAKE AND LEARN THE SKILLS WE SHOULD USE IN AN EMERGENCY:
PAEDIATRIC BLENDED FIRST AID COURSE
Covering the mandatory requirements for child-minders, school teaching staff, nursery and teaching assistants. Meeting the requirements of Ofsted whilst saving time and money.
PAEDIATRIC FIRST AID COURSE FOR NANNIES AND AU PAIRS
Covering the mandatory requirements for child-minders, school teaching staff, nursery and teaching assistants. Ofsted approved. 1 day course for nannies, au pairs and parents.
Check online and find the one that suits you.